Diet Information
Cholesterol Reduction Guide to HDL/LDL Low Fat Dietary Treatment

Cholesterol & Diet Guide

Diet Information - Cholesterol Lowering Diet - Cholesterol Lowering Eating Plan
Cholesterol, Health & Diet - Cholesterol Diet: Food Servings - High Cholesterol Foods
Healthy Cholesterol Levels - Healthy Heart Diet - Heart Disease & Women
Heart Diet Foods to Avoid - Heart Diet Day 1 - Heart Diet Day 2
Saturated Fat - Trans-Fats - Best Fats

Guide to Cholesterol and Diet

There Are 2 Basic Sources of Cholesterol

1. It is manufactured inside the human body by the liver. To do this, it combines a number of two-carbon acetates and builds a 27-carbon cholesterol molecule. The food sources used by the liver to make this molecule include: alcohol, fats, protein, sugars and starchy carbohydrates.

2. It may be consumed in foods. This is called "dietary cholesterol". Only animal foods contain cholesterol. Plant foods are cholesterol-free. Foods which are high in dietary cholesterol include: organ meats (500-1700 mg per 4oz), eggs (210 mg each), lean meat (70 mg per 4oz), butter (60mg per 2tbsp), cheese (30 mg per 1oz), cream (40 mg per 1 oz). See also: Low Cholesterol Diet Recipes

Cholesterol in the Bloodstream

Cholesterol circulates in our bloodstream as a "lipoprotein", which is a package of fat, cholesterol and protein. The two main types of lipoproteins are: low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and high-density lipoproteins (HDL). In simple terms, LDL lipoproteins ferry cholesterol FROM the liver to the rest of the body, while HDL carries it BACK to the liver. LDL is the bad guy. This is the lipoprotein that deposits excess cholesterol on the walls of our arteries, which (over time) narrows the arterial passageway (a process known as atherosclerosis) and causes heart disease, heart attack and stroke. In contrast, HDL is the good guy: it sweeps up excess cholesterol and takes it out of harms way back to the safety of the liver.

Purpose of Cholesterol Lowering Diet

The function of a cholesterol-reducing diet plan is twofold: to lower total cholesterol, and also to reduce the amount of LDL in the bloodstream. Put simply, if you want to improve your cholesterol levels by dietary means, you should:

- Restrict your intake of animal foods which contain dietary cholesterol
- Restrict your intake of foods that raise LDL
- Eat plenty of foods that raise HDL

Healthy Cholesterol Levels and Genetics

Neither the total amount of cholesterol in our blood (serum cholesterol), nor our HDL/LDL level is dependent entirely on the foods we eat. It also varies according to our genes and family history. Some individuals can eat high-cholesterol foods or a high-fat diet without ever experiencing elevated cholesterol levels. While others, who eat a low-fat diet, may have high cholesterol levels. Obese individuals may have lower serum cholesterol than people whose weight is normal.

Dietary Treatment Reduces Cholesterol in Most People

Despite the fact that genes can influence cholesterol levels, this affects a relatively small proportion of the population. Most people can control their levels by following a cholesterol-lowering diet.

Risk Factors For Heart Disease

An elevated cholesterol level is a major independent risk factor for heart attack and stroke. However, there are several other risk factors for atherosclerosis, including:

- Family history of heart disease/high blood fats
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Tobacco smoking
- Obesity (especially abdominal obesity)
- Stress

Consequently, as well as following a cholesterol-lowering diet, these other factors need to be addressed as part of a cholesterol reduction program. Dietary methods can help reduce these heart disease risk factors. A low sodium diet can reduce blood pressure, while a calorie-controlled diet may reduce obesity. Stress reduction is best achieved by making exercise a regular feature of your daily lifestyle.

Alcohol in Healthy Heart Diet

Moderate drinking - typically between 1 and 2 units of alcohol a day - seems to have a protective effect on the heart in men aged over 40 and in post-menopausal women. One unit of alcohol is roughly equivalent to 8 fl oz of regular beer or a small glass of wine or a regular measure of spirits. Heavier drinking can contribute to heart disorders, including high blood pressure and stroke. For example, for every unit over the above limits, systolic blood pressure is likely to be raised by 1mmHg.

Medical Check-Up

If you think you may have elevated blood cholesterol, your first step is to have your blood fats checked. This is especially important for men over the age of 40 and women after menopause. Remember, there are almost no symptoms of raised cholesterol, and many heart attacks occur with no prior medical warning.

Back to Top


DIETING and WEIGHT MANAGEMENT

BEST DIET | Free Diet Plan | Diet Program to Lose Weight | How to Lose Weight | Calorie Needs | Weight Loss Advice | Free Diets - Special Conditions | Diet Questions | Diet Advice For Men | Best Online Diet Plan | Best Weight Loss Diet Plan | How to Lose Weight Fast | Do Diet Programs Work | Types of Weight Loss Programs | Diet Tips | Best Forum For Diet Support | New Diets and Dieting Articles | Obesity Advice | Weight Chart | Help to Lose Weight | Diet Pills Advice | Side Effects | Xenical Fat Blockers | Meridia Diet Pills | Do Weight Loss Pills Work | Laxatives to Lose Weight | Weight Management Guidelines | Surgery for Weight Loss | Health Risks | Gastric Bypass Diet | Eating Disorders | How to Stop Bingeing | Weight Loss & Exercise | Weight Loss After Pregnancy | Diet Recipes | Diet Newletter | Weight Loss Resources | Diet & Weight Loss Links

REVIEWS OF DIETS

Reviews of Diets | Atkins Diet | Cabbage Soup Diet | Cider Vinegar Diet | Fad Diets | Food Combining | Grapefruit Diet | High Fiber Diets | Jenny Craig Diet | Low Calorie Diets | Low Fat Diets | Low GI Diet | Metabolic Typing Diet | Peanut Butter Diet | Scarsdale Diet | South Beach Diet | Sugar Busters | Three Hour Diet | Weight Watchers Diet | Zone Diet | Weight Loss Diet Reviews

SPECIAL DIETARY NEEDS and FOODS

Diets for ADD/ADHD | Alcohol & Dietary Health | Diet For Alcoholics | Arthritis Diet | Blood Pressure Diet | Bodybuilding Diet | BRAT Diet | Cancer Diet | Candida Diet | Cholesterol Lowering Diet | Constipation Diet | Crohn's Disease | DASH Diet | Detox Diet | Diabetic Diet Tips | Gluten Free Diet | Healthy Heart Diet | High Protein Diets | Hyperactivity Diet | Indian Diet | Irritable Bowel Diet | Lactose Intolerance | Lactose-Free Non-Dairy Calcium | Low Sodium Diet | Medical Diet | Mediterranean Diet | Menopause Diet | Migraine Dietary Advice | PMS Diet | Renal Diet | Smokers Diet | Vegetarian

DIETARY NUTRITION, HEALTHY EATING, GLYCEMIC INDEX and CALORIES

Latest Dietary Guidelines | Healthy Diet | Diet For Children | Diet For Teens | Diet Nutrition Advice | Fat in Food | Best Fats | How Much Fat Needed | Guide to Glycemic Index | Guide to Glycemic Load | GI Per Food Serving | GI Values For Food Groups | Carbs & Glycemic Index | Low Carb Diets | Daily Carb Needs | How Much Fiber Needed | Folate Intake RDA | Calcium Intake RDA | Protein Intake RDA | Sugar Intake | Food Calorie Charts

Diet-i.com provides general information on healthy eating, special diets and weight loss programs, diet nutrition, diet pills and weight loss surgery. However no advice given here is intended as a substitute for professional medical advice. For the sake of your health, always consult your doctor before making any significant dietary, nutritional or lifestyle changes. Copyright 2001-2017 Diet Information. All rights reserved.